Transversus abdominis plane block for bilateral orchiopexy in an 8-year-old patient with Eisenmenger’s syndromeReport as inadecuate




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JA Clinical Reports

, 1:21

First Online: 02 September 2015Received: 27 June 2015Accepted: 24 August 2015

Abstract

Non-cardiac surgery should only be performed in patients with Eisenmenger’s syndrome if absolutely mandatory because these patients are at high risk of perioperative mortality. Proper anesthetic and perioperative pain management in these patients remains a controversial topic. Transversus abdominis plane TAP block provides safe and beneficial perioperative analgesia in adults and children; however, no report has described the performance of TAP block in a child with Eisenmenger’s syndrome.

Herein, we describe the performance of bilateral orchiopexy for cryptorchidism in an 8-year-old boy with Eisenmenger’s syndrome due to an uncorrected muscular ventricular septal defect mVSD. Anesthesia induction and maintenance were uneventful. Subsequently, the patient received ultrasound-guided bilateral TAP block by using 10 mL of 0.25 % levobupivacaine shortly before recovery from anesthesia. The TAP block provided pain relief and maintenance of stable hemodynamics during the postoperative period.

We successfully used a TAP block in a child with Eisenmenger’s syndrome to provide postoperative analgesia. No side effects were apparent during the perioperative period. TAP block can be considered a beneficial pain management technique for analgesia in children with Eisenmenger’s syndrome.

KeywordsTAP block Eisenmenger’s syndrome Pediatric anesthesia AbbreviationsIHNIlioinguinal iliohypogastric nerve

LRLeft to right

mVSDMuscular ventricular septal defect

NYHANew York Heart Association

PVRPulmonary vascular resistance

RLRight to left

SVRSystemic vascular resistance

TAPTransversus abdominis plane

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Author: Yu Matsumoto - Satoshi Shibuta - Tomotaka Morita - Takeshi Iritakenishi - Nobuyuki Nishimura - Moe Koide - Yuji Fujino

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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