Temperature control in critically ill patients with a novel esophageal cooling device: a case seriesReport as inadecuate




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BMC Anesthesiology

, 15:152

First Online: 19 October 2015Received: 22 February 2015Accepted: 08 October 2015

Abstract

BackgroundMild hypothermia and fever control have been shown to improve neurological outcomes post cardiac arrest. Common methods to induce hypothermia include body surface cooling and intravascular cooling; however, a new approach using an esophageal cooling catheter has recently become available.

MethodsWe report the first three cases of temperature control using an esophageal cooling device ECD. The ECD was placed in a similar fashion to orogastric tubes. Temperature reduction was achieved by connecting the ECD to a commercially available external heat exchange unit Blanketrol Hyperthermia – Hypothermia System.

ResultsThe first patient, a 54 year-old woman 86 kg was admitted after resuscitation from an out-of-hospital non-shockable cardiac arrest. Shortly after admission, she mounted a fever peaking at 38.3 °C despite administration of cold intravenous saline and application of cooling blankets. ECD utilization resulted in a temperature reduction to 35.7 °C over a period of 4 h. She subsequently recovered and was discharged home at day 23. The second patient, a 59 year-old man 73 kg, was admitted after successful resuscitation from a protracted out-of hospital cardiac arrest. His initial temperature was 35 °C, but slowly increased to 35.8 °C despite applying a cooling blanket and ice packs. The ECD was inserted and a temperature reduction to 34.8 °C was achieved within 3 h. The patient expired on day 3. The third patient, a 47 year-old man 95 kg presented with a refractory fever secondary to necrotizing pneumonia in the postoperative period after coronary artery bypass grafting. His fever persisted despite empiric antibiotics, antipyretics, cooling blankets, and ice packs. ECD insertion resulted in a decrease in temperature from 39.5 to 36.5 °C in less than 5 h. He eventually made a favorable recovery and was discharged home after 59 days. In all 3 patients, device placement occurred in under 3 min and ease-of-use was reported as excellent by nursing staff and physicians.

ConclusionsThe esophageal cooling device was found to be an effective temperature control modality in this small case series of critically ill patients. Preliminary data presented in this report needs to be confirmed in large randomized controlled trials comparing its efficacy and safety to standard temperature control modalities.

AbbreviationsBMIbody mass index

CTcomputerized tomography

ECDesophageal cooling device

ECGelectrocardiogram

hrhour

ICUintensive care unit

kgkilogram

PEApulseless electrical activity

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Author: Ahmed F. Hegazy - Danielle M. Lapierre - Ron Butler - Eyad Althenayan

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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