Would you civil union me: Taxation and civil unions in FranceReport as inadecuate




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* Corresponding author 1 CREST - Centre de Recherche en Économie et Statistique 2 PSE - Paris School of Economics 3 PSE - Paris-Jourdan Sciences Economiques

Abstract : Although the tax system is not marriage neutral in many countries, it has been found only slightly significant in determining marriage decision Buffeteau and Echevin, 2003; Alm and Whittington, 1995. This paper tests if the tax system could alter the decision to contract a civil union, which is a less binding marital contract. In France, since 1999, couples can either contract a marriage or a civil union pacs. I assess the impact of taxation on the decision to contract a pacs using a difference-in-differences evaluation of the 2005 reform of income taxation of newly pacsed couples. As the control group is contaminated by the reform, I propose an original estimation method based on a difference-in-differences-in-differences setting to estimate bounds to the impact of the reform. My results suggest a positive and increasing impact of taxation on pacs rates, but also a change in the timing of pacs indicating that taxation alters the decision to contract a pacs. I find a slightly significant impact of taxation on the decision to break up a pacs.

Keywords : civil union taxation marriage pacs difference in difference





Author: Marion Leturcq -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/



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