Rationing in the intensive care unit in case of full bed occupancy: a survey among intensive care unit physiciansReport as inadecuate




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BMC Anesthesiology

, 16:25

Critical care

Abstract

BackgroundInternationally, there is no consensus on how to best deal with admission requests in cases of full ICU bed occupancy. Knowledge about the degree of dissension and insight into the reasons for this dissension is lacking. Information about the opinion of ICU physicians can be used to improve decision-making regarding allocation of ICU resources.

The aim of this study was to:Assess which factors play a role in the decision-making process regarding the admission of ICU patients;

Assess the adherence to a Dutch guideline pertaining to rationing of ICU resources;

Investigate factors influencing the adherence to this guideline.

MethodsIn March 2013, an online questionnaire was sent to all ICU physician members n = 761, in 90 hospitals of the Dutch Society for Intensive Care.

Results166 physicians 21.8 % working in 64 different Dutch hospitals 71.1 % completed the questionnaire. Factors associated with a patient’s physical condition and quality of life were generally considered most important in admission decisions. Scenario-based adherence to the Dutch guideline -Admission request in case of full ICU bed occupancy- was found to be low adherence rate 50.0 %. There were two main reasons for this poor compliance: unfamiliarity with the guideline and disagreement with the fundamental approach underlying the guideline.

ConclusionsDutch ICU physicians disagree about how to deal with admission requests in cases of full ICU bed occupancy. The results of this study contribute to the discussion about the fundamental principles regarding admission of ICU patients in case of full bed occupancy.

KeywordsCritical Care Ethics Intensive Care Units Rationing Resource Allocation AbbreviationsICUintensive care unit

SPSSstatistical package for the social sciences

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12871-016-0190-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Anke J. M. Oerlemans - Hub Wollersheim - Nelleke van Sluisveld - Johannes G. van der Hoeven - Wim J. M. Dekkers - Mariek

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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