Biomechanism of impact resistance in the woodpecker’s head and its applicationReport as inadecuate

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Science China Life Sciences

, Volume 56, Issue 8, pp 715–719

First Online: 10 July 2013Received: 25 January 2013Accepted: 24 March 2013DOI: 10.1007-s11427-013-4523-z

Cite this article as: Wang, L., Lu, S., Liu, X. et al. Sci. China Life Sci. 2013 56: 715. doi:10.1007-s11427-013-4523-z


The woodpecker does not suffer head-eye impact injuries while drumming on a tree trunk with high acceleration more than 1000×g and high frequency. The mechanism that protects the woodpecker’s head has aroused the interest of ornithologists, biologists and scientists in the areas of mechanical engineering, material science and electronics engineering. This article reviews the literature on the biomechanisms and materials responsible for protecting the woodpecker from head impact injury and their applications in engineering and human protection.

Keywordsreview biomechanics woodpecker head injury application Contributed equally to this work

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