Dose-escalated salvage radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy in high risk prostate cancer patients without hormone therapy: outcome, prognostic factors and late toxicityReport as inadecuate




Dose-escalated salvage radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy in high risk prostate cancer patients without hormone therapy: outcome, prognostic factors and late toxicity - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Radiation Oncology

, 8:276

Clinical Radiation Oncology

Abstract

PurposeEvaluation of dose escalated salvage radiotherapy SRT in patients after radical prostatectomy RP who had never received antihormonal therapy. To investigate prognostic factors of the outcome of SRT and to analyze which patient subsets benefit most from dose escalation.

Materials and methodsBetween 2002 and 2008, 76 patients were treated in three different dose-groups: an earlier cohort treated with 66 Gy irrespective of pre-RT-characteristics and two later cohorts treated with 70 Gy or 75 Gy depending on pre-RT-characteristics. Biochemical-relapse-free-survival bRFS, clinical-relapse-free-survival cRFS and late toxicity were evaluated.

ResultsFour-year bRFS and cRFS were 62.5% and 85%. Gleason score <8, positive surgical resection margin PSRM and low PSA ≤0.5 ng-ml before SRT resulted in higher bRFS. Analysis of the whole group showed no clear dose-outcome relationship. Patients with PSRM, however, had improved bRFS when escalating >66 Gy. While > 70 Gy did not improve the overall results, 4-year bRFS for patients with manifest local recurrence in the high-dose group was still comparable to those without manifest local recurrences. No grade 4 and minimal grade 3 gastrointestinal and urinary toxicity were observed.

ConclusionsDose-escalated SRT achieves high biochemical control. The data strongly support the application of at least 70 Gy rather than 66 Gy. They do not prove positive effects of doses >70 Gy but do not disprove them as these doses were only applied to an unfavorable patients selection.

KeywordsRadical prostatectomy Salvage radiotherapy Dose escalation AbbreviationsASTROAmerican society of radiation oncology

bRFSBiochemical relapse free survival

cRFSClinical relapse free survival

CTVClinical target volume

EAUEuropean association of urology

IGRTImage-guided radiation therapy

IMRTIntensity modulated radiotherapy technique

PSAProstate-specific antigen

PSRMPositive surgical resection margin

PTVPlanning target volume

RPRadical prostatectomy RP

SRTSalvage radiotherapy.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1748-717X-8-276 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Download fulltext PDF



Author: Mohamed Shelan - Yasser Abo-Madyan - Grit Welzel - Christian Bolenz - Julia Kosakowski - Nadim Behnam - Frederik Wenz - Fra

Source: https://link.springer.com/



DOWNLOAD PDF




Related documents