Effect of speaking rate and contrastive stress on formant dynamics and vowel perceptionReport as inadecuate

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1 LPL - Laboratoire Parole et Langage

Abstract : Vowel formants play an important role in speech theories and applications; however, the same formant values measured for the steady-state part of a vowel can correspond to different vowel categories. Experimental evidence indicates that dynamic information can also contribute to vowel characterization. Hence, dynamically modeling formant transitions may lead to quantitatively testable predictions in vowel categorization. Because the articulatory strategy used to manage different speaking rates and contrastive stress may depend on speaker and situation, the parameter values of a dynamic formant model may vary with speaking rate and stress. In most experiments speaking rate is rarely controlled, only two or three rates are tested, and most corpora contain just a few repetitions of each item. As a consequence, the dependence of dynamic models on those factors is difficult to gauge. This article presents a study of 2300 iai or iEi stimuli produced by two speakers at nine or ten speaking rates in a carrier sentence for two contrastive stress patterns. The corpus was perceptually evaluated by naive listeners. Formant frequencies were measured during the steady-state parts of the stimuli, and the formant transitions were dynamically and kinematically modeled. The results indicate that 1 the corpus was characterized by a contextual assimilation instead of a centralization effect; 2 dynamic or kinematic modeling was equivalent as far as the analysis of the model parameters was concerned; 3 the dependence of the model parameter estimates on speaking rate and stress suggests that the formant transitions were sharper for high speaking rate, but no consistent trend was found for contrastive stress; 4 the formant frequencies measured in the steady-state parts of the vowels were sufficient to explain the perceptual results while the dynamic parameters of the models were not.

en fr

Keywords : formant modeling dynamics kinematics static speech production speech perception vowel speaking rate contrastive stress

Mots-clés : modelisation formant dynamique cinematique statique production de la parole perception de la parole voyelle debit accent contrastif

Author: Michel Pitermann -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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