Increased Expression of the Tail-Anchored Membrane Protein SLMAP in Adipose Tissue from Type 2 Tally Ho Diabetic MiceReport as inadecuate




Increased Expression of the Tail-Anchored Membrane Protein SLMAP in Adipose Tissue from Type 2 Tally Ho Diabetic Mice - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Experimental Diabetes ResearchVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 421982, 10 pages

Research Article

Second People Hospital of Hangzhou, No. 1 Wenzhou Road, Hangzhou 310015, China

Department of Pharmacology, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, P.O. Box 24144, Doha, Qatar

Received 6 April 2011; Accepted 5 May 2011

Academic Editor: N. Cameron

Copyright © 2011 Xiaoliang Chen and Hong Ding. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

The tail-anchored membrane protein, sarcolemmal membrane associated protein SLMAP is encoded to a single gene that maps to the chromosome 3p14 region and has also been reported in certain diabetic populations. Our previous studies with db-db mice shown that a deregulation of SLMAP expression plays an important role in type 2 diabetes. Male Tally Ho mice were bred to present with either normoglycemia NG or hyperglycemia HG. Abdominal adipose tissue from male Tally Ho mice of the HG group was found to have a significantly lower expression of the membrane associated glucose transporter-4 GLUT-4 and higher expression of SLMAP compared to tissue from NG mice. There were 3 isoforms expressed in the abdominal adipose tissue, but only 45 kDa isoform of SLMAP was associated with the GLUT-4 revealed by immunoprecipitation data. Knock down studies using SLMAP siRNA with adipocytes resulted in a significant reduction in SLMAP and a decrease in glucose uptake. Thus, SLMAP may be an important regulator of glucose uptake or involved in GLUT-4 fusion-translocation into the plasma membrane of mouse abdominal adipose tissue and changes in SLMAP expression are linked to hyperglycemia and diabetes.





Author: Xiaoliang Chen and Hong Ding

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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