Quantitative assessment of the influence of EPHX1 gene polymorphisms and cancer risk: a meta-analysis with 94,213 subjectsReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research

, 33:82

First Online: 28 September 2014Received: 07 May 2014Accepted: 22 September 2014DOI: 10.1186-s13046-014-0082-9

Cite this article as: Yang, X., Wang, Y. & Wang, G. J Exp Clin Cancer Res 2014 33: 82. doi:10.1186-s13046-014-0082-9

Abstract

PurposePrevious studies investigating the association between EPHX1 polymorphisms Tyr113His and His139Arg and cancer risk have yielded inconsistent results. This meta-analysis was performed to derive a more precise estimation of relationship between two EPHX1 polymorphisms and risk of different types of cancer.

MethodsData were extracted from relevant studies detected by a systematic literature search. Odds ratios ORs with 95% confidence intervals CIs were calculated to assess the strength of the association between EPHX1 polymorphisms and cancer risk.

ResultsThis meta-analysis carefully collected 99 studies on these two polymorphisms and cancer risk published up to March 2014, consisting of 45 studies 20,091 cases and 27,396 controls for Tyr113His and 54 studies 19,437 cases and 27,289 controls for His139Arg. The results in overall population did not show any significant association between these two polymorphisms and cancer risk for all genetic models. However, EPHX1 Tyr113His homozygote individuals have a significantly increased risk of cancer among Asians homozygote model: OR =1.46, 95% CI=1.05-2.03; recessive model: OR =1.39, 95% CI =1.10-1.76 and mixed population homozygote model: OR =1.17, 95% CI =1.02-1.34; recessive model: OR =1.17, 95% CI =1.02-1.33, but not Caucasians.

ConclusionHis-His genotype of EPHX1 Tyr113His polymorphism is a risk factor for developing caner for Asian and mixed population, while no evidence was found for the association between the EPHX1 His139Arg polymorphism and increased cancer risk.

KeywordsEPHX1 polymorphisms Meta-analysis Cancer risk AbbreviationsHWEHardy-Weinberg equilibrium

EPHX1Epoxide hydrolase 1

SNPSingle nucleotide polymorphism

OROdds ratio

CIConfidence interval

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13046-014-0082-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Xiaoqin Yang - Yubing Wang - Guiping Wang

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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