Compromised RNA polymerase III complex assembly leads to local alterations of intergenic RNA polymerase II transcription in Saccharomyces cerevisiaeReport as inadecuate




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BMC Biology

, 12:89

First Online: 28 October 2014Received: 04 September 2014Accepted: 17 October 2014DOI: 10.1186-s12915-014-0089-x

Cite this article as: Wang, Q., Nowak, C.M., Korde, A. et al. BMC Biol 2014 12: 89. doi:10.1186-s12915-014-0089-x

Abstract

BackgroundAssembled RNA polymerase III Pol III complexes exert local effects on chromatin processes, including influencing transcription of neighboring RNA polymerase II Pol II transcribed genes. These properties have been designated as `extra-transcriptional- effects of the Pol III complex. Previous coding sequence microarray studies using Pol III factor mutants to determine global effects of Pol III complex assembly on Pol II promoter activity revealed only modest effects that did not correlate with the proximity of Pol III complex binding sites.

ResultsGiven our recent results demonstrating that tDNAs block progression of intergenic Pol II transcription, we hypothesized that extra-transcriptional effects within intergenic regions were not identified in the microarray study. To reconsider global impacts of Pol III complex binding, we used RNA sequencing to compare transcriptomes of wild type versus Pol III transcription factor TFIIIC depleted mutants. The results reveal altered intergenic Pol II transcription near TFIIIC binding sites in the mutant strains, where we observe readthrough of upstream transcripts that normally terminate near these sites, 5- and 3-extended transcripts, and de-repression of adjacent genes and intergenic regions.

ConclusionsThe results suggest that effects of assembled Pol III complexes on transcription of neighboring Pol II promoters are of greater magnitude than previously appreciated, that such effects influence expression of adjacent genes at transcriptional start site and translational levels, and may explain a function of the conserved ETC sites in yeast. The results may also be relevant to synthetic biology efforts to design a minimal yeast genome.

KeywordsRNA polymerase III Extra-transcriptional effects Transcriptome TFIIIC ETC sites 5-UTR Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12915-014-0089-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Qing Wang - Chance M Nowak - Asawari Korde - Dong-Ha Oh - Maheshi Dassanayake - David Donze

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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