Commonness and ecology, but not bigger brains, predict urban living in birdsReport as inadecuate




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BMC Ecology

, 15:12

First Online: 11 April 2015Received: 24 October 2014Accepted: 24 March 2015DOI: 10.1186-s12898-015-0044-x

Cite this article as: Dale, S., Lifjeld, J.T. & Rowe, M. BMC Ecol 2015 15: 12. doi:10.1186-s12898-015-0044-x

Abstract

BackgroundSeveral life history and ecological variables have been reported to affect the likelihood of species becoming urbanized. Recently, studies have also focused on the role of brain size in explaining ability to adapt to urban environments. In contrast, however, little is known about the effect of colonization pressure from surrounding areas, which may confound conclusions about what makes a species urban. We recorded presence-absence data for birds in 93 urban sites in Oslo Norway and compared these with species lists generated from 137 forest and 51 farmland sites surrounding Oslo which may represent source populations for colonization.

ResultsWe found that the frequency proportion of sites where present of a species within the city was strongly and positively associated with its frequency in sites surrounding the city, as were both species breeding habitat and nest site location. In contrast, there were generally no significant effects of relative brain mass or migration on urban occupancy. Furthermore, analyses of previously published data showed that urban density of birds in six other European cities was also positively and significantly associated with density in areas outside cities, whereas relative brain mass showed no such relationship.

ConclusionsThese results suggest that urban bird communities are primarily determined by how frequently species occurred in the surrounding landscapes and by features of ecology i.e. breeding habitat and nest site location, whereas species’ relative brain mass had no significant effects.

KeywordsBird communities Colonization pressure Brain size Source population Urban ecology Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12898-015-0044-x contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Svein Dale - Jan T Lifjeld - Melissah Rowe

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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