Evaluation of transabdominal ultrasound after oral administration of an echoic cellulose-based gastric ultrasound contrast agent for gastric cancerReport as inadecuate




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BMC Cancer

, 15:932

Surgical oncology, cancer imaging, and interventional therapeutics

Abstract

BackgroundWith the remarkable improvements in ultrasound equipment, transabdominal ultrasound after oral administration of an echoic cellulose-based gastric ultrasound contrast agent TUS-OCCA has recently been suggested to be effective in initial screening of gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of TUS-OCCA for gastric cancer.

MethodsConsecutive patients with gastric cancers who underwent resection in our hospital were enrolled. Before the lesion was resected, TUS-OCCA examination was performed by a skilled examiner who was blinded to the site, size, and endoscopy diagnosis of the lesion. TUS-OCCA findings were compared with those of endoscopy and pathological diagnoses as the gold standard.

ResultsThere were a total of 288 consecutive patients enrolled in the study, including 228 with advanced gastric cancers T2–T4 stage, 50 with early gastric cancer 26 with stage T1b and 24 with stage T1a, and 10 with high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. TUS-OCCA had a detection rate of 100 % 228-228 for advanced gastric cancers, 77 % 20-26 for stage T1b, 67 % 16-24 for stage T1a, and 60 % 6-10 for high-grade intraepithelial neoplasia. The majority of patients with undetectable neoplasms using TUS-OCCA were obese body mass index, 28.7–31.8 kg-m. The overall accuracy of TUS-OCCA in determining the T stage of gastric cancer was 77.3 % 62.5 % for T1a, 70 % for T1b, 71.1 % for T2, 85.2 % for T3, and 73.3 % for T4.

ConclusionsThese findings indicate that TUS-OCCA achieved a high detection rate for gastric cancers and was useful in assessing the degree of gastric cancer invasion.

KeywordsCellulose-based ultrasound contrast agent Detection rate Gastric cancer Initial screening Transabdominal ultrasound  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Zhijun Liu - Jintao Guo - Shupeng Wang - Ying Zhao - Jing Li - Weidong Ren - Shaoshan Tang - Limei Xie - Ying Huang - Siy

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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