New structures simultaneously harboring class 1 integron and ISCR1-linked resistance genes in multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteriaReport as inadecuate




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BMC Microbiology

, 16:71

First Online: 21 April 2016Received: 16 October 2015Accepted: 29 March 2016DOI: 10.1186-s12866-016-0683-x

Cite this article as: Cheng, C., Sun, J., Zheng, F. et al. BMC Microbiol 2016 16: 71. doi:10.1186-s12866-016-0683-x

Abstract

BackgroundThe connection structure of class 1 integron and insertion sequence common region 1 ISCR1 is called -complex class 1 integrons- or -complex sul1-type integrons-, which is also known to be associated with many resistance genes. This structure is a powerful gene-capturing tool kit that can mobilize antibiotic resistance genes. In order to look for and study the structure among clinical multidrug-resistant MDR Gram-negative isolates, 63 isolates simultaneously harbored class 1 integron and ISCR1-linked resistance genes were isolated from 2309 clinical non-redundant MDR Gram-negative isolates in Nanfang Hospital in 2008–2013. The connecting regions between the class 1 integrons and ISCR1 were examined using PCR and DNA sequencing to determine the structures in these isolates.

ResultThe two elements the variable regions of the class 1 integron structures and the ISCR1-linked resistance genes are connected in series among 63 isolates according to long-extension PCR and DNA sequencing. According to the kinds and permutations of resistance genes in the structure, 12 distinct types were identified, including 8 types that have never been described in any species. Several types of these structures are similar with the structures of other reports, but not entirely same.

ConclusionThis study is the first to determine the structure simultaneously harboring class 1 integron and ISCR1-linked resistance genes by detecting the region connecting class 1 integrons and ISCR1 in a large number of MDR bacteria. These structures carrying various resistance genes were closely associated with multidrug resistance bacteria in Southern China.

KeywordsMultidrug-resistant Class 1 integron ISCR1 Gram-negative bacteria  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Cancan Cheng - Jingjing Sun - Fen Zheng - Wenting Lu - Qiu Yang - Yongyu Rui

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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