An Investigation of the Design Potential of Thermochromic Home Textiles Used with Electric Heating TechniquesReport as inadecuate




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Mathematical Problems in Engineering - Volume 2015 2015, Article ID 151573, 5 pages -

Research Article

Department of Fashion Design, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan

Graduate School of Applied Design, Shu-Te University, Kaohsiung 824, Taiwan

Received 23 September 2014; Accepted 26 December 2014

Academic Editor: Mo Li

Copyright © 2015 Hung-Jen Chen and Lan-Hui Huang. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Thermochromic colorants have been developed since before the 1900s. There are a large number of patents in different applications of thermochromic textiles, but many innovations leave the field of aesthetic and functional textile design unexplored in the area of smart materials. This study aims to develop thermochromic home textiles that change colors and patterns by integrating thermochromic pigments and electric conductive yarns into textile structures. Stainless steel conductive yarns were sewed on textile substrates to enable heat generation to increase fabric temperature. The heat generation and temperature rise could be controlled by monitoring the voltage applied. The experiments of this study focused on analyzing electric resistance and heating properties of the conductive yarns and observing color changing time and color changing effects of the thermochromic textiles. By using the technique in this research, an image of -tai chi- was designed and implemented in a backlighting thermochromic fabric. It illustrates a range of opportunities for thermochromic textiles in new design research directions of Chinese calligraphy and traditional Chinese painting.





Author: Hung-Jen Chen and Lan-Hui Huang

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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