Inflammatory Cytokines and Physical Activity in Multiple SclerosisReport as inadecuate




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ISRN Neurology - Volume 2014 2014, Article ID 151572, 8 pages -

Review ArticleDepartment of Physiotherapy, Portuguese Red Cross Superior Health School, Avenida de Ceuta, Edifício Urbiceuta, 1300-125 Lisboa, Portugal

Received 16 September 2013; Accepted 5 December 2013; Published 27 January 2014

Academic Editors: P. Annunziata and M. G. Grasso

Copyright © 2014 Margarida Florindo. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Background. Besides the functional benefits, physical activity triggers a hormonal pattern of immunologic responses with an anti-inflammatory effect in individuals who suffer from multiple sclerosis. Purpose. To analyze the influence of physical activity on multiple sclerosis and identify the intensity threshold which triggers the anti-inflammatory physiological mechanism. Methodology. A systematic review was made on the databases Medline, PubMed, ScienceDirect, PloS, PEDro, and Web of Science. Studies from references of retrieved articles were also collected. The criteria included studies published in English and random studies referred to the inflammatory process, connected with physical activity in individuals with multiple sclerosis. The studies were methodologically analyzed by two reviewers according to PEDro scale. Results and Discussion. Five random control trial studies were identified. The results revealed that with physical activity there seems to have a modulation on anti-inflammatory cytokines which improve physical and cardiorespiratory performance. More investigation is required. Conclusions. Physical activity influences the quality of life and it seems to stimulate the presence of anti-inflammatory cytokines. With light physical activity the cellular activity is lower, while with moderate activity there seems to have more capacity to help in the resolution of an inflammatory situation.





Author: Margarida Florindo

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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