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BMC Health Services Research

, 13:155

Organization, structure and delivery of healthcare

Abstract

BackgroundPatient-centred care emerged in the late 1960s as a framework to guide providers and decision-makers towards the provision of more effective health care and better outcomes. An important body of literature has since emerged, reporting mixed results in terms of outcomes. To date, assessments of the effectiveness of patient-centred approaches have focused one-on-one consultations. The purpose of this article is to explore dimensions identified as key in the patient-centred literature in the context of primary health care services delivered in a group setting. Group Medical Visits GMVs offer a novel format for the delivery of patient-centred primary health care services, especially for patients living with complex morbidities.

MethodsDrawing on a large study of GMVs, we report on key format and process-oriented elements identified in GMVs, and on their link to improved outcomes. For the purpose of this study, we interviewed 34 providers and 29 patients who have been engaged in GMVs, delivered in rural, northern and First Nation communities in British Columbia, Canada.

ResultsOur analysis shows that the delivery of PHC in a group format results in a shift in the role of the provider, from that of an adjudicator involved in imparting norms of self-care, to that of a facilitator who assists the group in defining norms of self-care that are based on medical knowledge but also on the broader context of patients’ lived experience and on their pragmatic experience. In a group process, peer-patients take on the role of promoting these norms to other patients. This results in a significant shift in the role of the provider, increased trust, increased knowledge for the providers and the patients and better patient self-management. Our results also show increase satisfaction for patients and providers.

ConclusionsGMVs offer an alternative format for the provision of PHC that brings together the benefit of a group process and of a clinical encounter. This format can successfully deliver on the promises of patient-centred care.

KeywordsPrimary health care Clinical encounter Self-management Effectiveness Chronic diseases  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Josée G Lavoie - Sabrina T Wong - Meck Chongo - Annette J Browne - Martha LP MacLeod - Cathy Ulrich

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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