Increased Nicotiana tabacum fitness through positive regulation of carotenoid, gibberellin and chlorophyll pathways promoted by Daucus carota lycopene beta-cyclase Dclcyb1 expressionReport as inadecuate




Increased Nicotiana tabacum fitness through positive regulation of carotenoid, gibberellin and chlorophyll pathways promoted by Daucus carota lycopene beta-cyclase Dclcyb1 expression - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

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The expression of Dclcyb1 in tobacco induces a positive feedback on the isoprenoid, carotenoid, gibberellin and chlorophyll pathways leading to an enhancement in fitness, biomass, photosynthetic efficiency and carotenoid-chlorophyll composition.Carotenoids, chlorophylls and gibberellins are derived from the common precursor geranylgeranyl diphosphate GGPP. One of the enzymes in carotenoid biosynthesis is lycopene beta-cyclase LCYB that catalyzes the conversion of lycopene into beta-carotene. In carrot, Dclcyb1 is essential for carotenoid synthesis in the whole plant. Here we show that when expressed in tobacco, increments in total carotenoids, beta-carotene and chlorophyll levels occur. Furthermore, photosynthetic efficiency is enhanced in transgenic lines. Interestingly, and contrary to previous observations where overexpression of a carotenogenic gene resulted in the inhibition of the synthesis of gibberellins, we found raised levels of active GA4 and the concommitant increases in plant height, leaf size and whole plant biomass, as well as an early flowering phenotype. Moreover, a significant increase in the expression of the key carotenogenic genes, Ntpsy1, Ntpsy2 and Ntlcyb, as well as those involved in the synthesis of chlorophyll Ntchl, gibberellin Ntga20ox, Ntcps and Ntks and isoprenoid precursors Ntdxs2 and Ntggpps was observed. These results indicate that the expression of Dclcyb1 induces a positive feedback affecting the expression of isoprenoid gene precursors and genes involved in carotenoid, gibberellin and chlorophyll pathways leading to an enhancement in fitness measured as biomass, photosynthetic efficiency and carotenoid-chlorophyll composition.Indización

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Author: Moreno, J. C.; - Cerda, A.; - Simpson, K.; - López Díaz, I; - Carrera, E.; - Handford, Michael; - Stange Klein, Claudia; -

Source: http://repositorio.uchile.cl/



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