Trends in mortality by labour market position around retirement ages in three European countries with different welfare regimesReport as inadecuate




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International Journal of Public Health

, Volume 58, Issue 1, pp 99–108

First Online: 29 April 2012Received: 21 July 2011Revised: 24 January 2012Accepted: 29 March 2012DOI: 10.1007-s00038-012-0359-8

Cite this article as: Harding, S., Lenguerrand, E., Costa, G. et al. Int J Public Health 2013 58: 99. doi:10.1007-s00038-012-0359-8

Abstract

ObjectivesIn the face of economic downturn and increasing life expectancy, many industrial nations are adopting a policy of postponing the retirement age. However, questions still remain around the consequence of working longer into old age. We examine mortality by work status around retirement ages in countries with different welfare regimes; Finland social democratic, Turin Italy; conservative, and England and Wales liberal.

MethodsDeath rates and rate ratios RRs reference rates = ‘in-work’, 1970 s–2000 s, were estimated for those aged 45–64 years using the England and Wales longitudinal study, Turin longitudinal study, and the Finnish linked register study.

ResultsMortality of the not-in-work was consistently higher than the in-work. Death rates for the not-in-work were lowest in Turin and highest in Finland. Rate ratios were smallest in Turin RR men 1972–76 1.73; 2002–06 1.63; women 1.22; 1.68 and largest in Finland RR men 1991–95 3.03; 2001–05 3.80; women 3.62; 4.11. Unlike RRs for men, RRs for women increased in every country greatest in Finland.

ConclusionsThese findings signal that overall, employment in later life is associated with lower mortality, regardless of welfare regime.

KeywordsWelfare regime Mortality Labour market position International trends This article is part of the special issue -Life course influences on health and health inequalities: moving towards a Public Health perspective-.

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Author: Seeromanie Harding - Erik Lenguerrand - Giuseppe Costa - Angelo d’Errico - Pekka Martikainen - Lasse Tarkiainen - David B

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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