Improving Adherence Physical Activity with a Smartphone Application Based on Adults with Intellectual Disabilities APPCOIDReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 13:1173

Global health

Abstract

BackgroundPeople with intellectual disabilities ID have lower levels of physical activity and quality of life and they have a lot of barriers to face when taking part in physical activity. Other problems are the poor adherence to physical activity such people have so this study is designed to improve adherence to physical activity for people with intellectual disabilities with the assistance of an application for smartphones. The aim of the study will be to improve physical activity and physical condition after multimodal intervention and to analyse the promotion of adherence to physical activity through a multimodal intervention and an app intervention mHealth in people with ID.

MethodsA two-stage study will be conducted. In stage 1 a multimodal intervention will take place will be done with physical activity and educational advice over eight weeks, two days a week. Data will be measured after and before the intervention. In stage 2 a randomized controlled trial will be conducted. In the intervention group we will install an application to a smartphone; this application will be a reminder to do a physical activity and they have to select whether they have or haven’t done a physical activity every day. This application will be installed for 18 weeks. Data will be measured after and before the application is installed in two groups. We will measure results 10 weeks later when the two groups don’t have the reminder. The principal outcome used to measure the adherence to physical activity will be the International Physical Activity Questionnaire; secondary outcomes will be a fun-fitness test and self-report survey about quality of life, self-efficacy and social support. Samples will be randomized by sealed envelope in two groups, with approximately 20 subjects in each group. It’s important to know that the therapist will be blinded and won’t know the subjects of each group.

DiscussionOffering people with ID a multimodal intervention and tool to increase the adherence to a physical activity may increase the levels of physical activity and quality of life. Such a scheme, if beneficial, could be implemented successfully within public health sense.

Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01915381.

KeywordsIntellectual disability Physical activity Adherence M-Health Mobile phone App IPAQ Accelerometers AbbreviationsRCTRandomized controlled trial

IDIntellectual disabilities

GCPGood clinical practice

PAPhysical activity

SGSmartphone group

NSGNo-smartphone group

IPAQInternational Physical Activity Questionnaire

WHOQoLWorld Health Organization Quality of Life

ICIntellectual coefficient

App Application.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-13-1173 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: David Pérez-Cruzado - Antonio I Cuesta-Vargas

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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