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Globalization and Health

, 10:4

First Online: 13 January 2014Received: 23 April 2013Accepted: 11 November 2013DOI: 10.1186-1744-8603-10-4

Cite this article as: Lang, A. Global Health 2014 10: 4. doi:10.1186-1744-8603-10-4

Abstract

BackgroundNewly established high-technology areas such as eHealth require regulations regarding the interoperability of health information infrastructures and data protection. It is argued that government capacities as well as the extent to which public and private organizations participate in policy-making determine the level of eHealth legislation. Both explanatory factors are influenced by international organizations that provide knowledge transfer and encourage private actor participation.

MethodsData analysis is based on the Global Observatory for eHealth - ATLAS eHealth country profiles which summarizes eHealth policies in 114 countries. Data analysis was carried out using two-component hurdle models with a truncated Poisson model for positive counts and a hurdle component model with a binomial distribution for zero or greater counts.

ResultsThe analysis reveals that the participation of private organizations such as donors has negative effects on the level of eHealth legislation. The impact of public-private partnerships PPPs depends on the degree of government capacities already available and on democratic regimes. Democracies are more responsive to these new regulatory demands than autocracies. Democracies find it easier to transfer knowledge out of PPPs than autocracies. Government capacities increase the knowledge transfer effect of PPPs, thus leading to more eHealth legislation.

ConclusionsAll international regimes – the WHO, the EU, and the OECD – promote PPPs in order to ensure the construction of a national eHealth infrastructure. This paper shows that the development of government capacities in the eHealth domain has to be given a higher priority than the establishment of PPPs, since the existence of some initial capacities is the sine qua non of further capacity building.

KeywordsEHealth Regulation World Health Organization European Union OECD Public-private partnerships Donors Capacity development Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1744-8603-10-4 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Achim Lang

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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