The use of annual physical examinations among the elderly in rural China: a cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Health Services Research

, 14:16

Healthcare needs and demand

Abstract

BackgroundPeriodic physical examination is considered helpful in preventing illness and promoting health among the elderly. Limited information is available about the use of annual physical examinations among the elderly in rural areas, however. This research explores the distribution characteristics of annual physical examination use and its determinants among people aged 60 or over in rural China.

MethodsA cross-sectional study was undertaken to estimate distribution characteristics of annual physical examination use and to collect data of sociodemographic characteristics, health knowledge level, and health communication channels. Participants were 1128 people aged 60 or over, randomly selected from four different provinces in the East, Mid-East, Mid-West, and West China. Logistic regression determined the predictors of annual physical examination use.

ResultsParticipants were predominantly aged 60–79 44.1% and 70–79 42.0%. A total of 716 63.5% participants underwent annual physical examinations. Those who reported acquiring health knowledge via bulletin boards and village doctors had a higher probability of using annual physical examinations OR = 3.15 and 1.53. The probability for civil servants-retired having annual physical examinations was 2.16 times higher than for farmers. Those who had an average level of health knowledge had a higher probability of using annual physical examinations than those at the below-average level odds ratio: 2.07.

ConclusionThe government and public health institutions should assist farmers to acquire the habit of having annual physical examinations. Traditional channels, such as bulletin boards, should be used to deliver health information. Village doctors should be supported in delivering health information to the elderly in rural areas.

KeywordsRural Annual physical examination Health services use Elderly Chinese AbbreviationsNCMSNew cooperative medical system.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6963-14-16 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

Xi Sun, Yingchun Chen contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Xi Sun - Yingchun Chen - Xuetao Tong - Zhanchun Feng - Li Wei - Donghua Zhou - Miaomiao Tian - Benyan Lv - Da Feng

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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