A study on knowledge, attitude, and practice towards premarital carrier screening among adults attending primary healthcare centers in a region in OmanReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 14:380

Health behavior, health promotion and society

Abstract

BackgroundDespite that hereditary diseases are widespread among the Arab population due to high rates of consanguineous marriages, research regarding community awareness towards premarital carrier screening in some countries such as Oman, is extremely scarce. This study aimed to investigate knowledge and attitude towards premarital carrier screening PMCS in Oman.

MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted using a self-administered questionnaire which was distributed to 400 Omani adults aged 20–35 who attended primary healthcare institutions at the South Batinah Governorate in Oman.

ResultsThe majority of the participants 84.5% believed that PMCS was necessary, and about half of them 49.5% supported the view of making PMCS compulsory. On the contrary, approximately one third 30.5% of the participants reported that they were not in favor of taking the blood screening test. Overall, unwillingness to perform pre-marital testing was associated with female gender, younger age, being single, less education, and increased income.

ConclusionDespite the relatively high level of knowledge, about one third of the participants were still reluctant to carry out premarital testing. Such attitude calls for immediate need for community-based campaigns to encourage the public to do premarital testing.

KeywordsPremarital carrier screening Hereditary diseases Oman Omar A Al-Farsi, Ishita Gupta, Allal Ouhtit and Samir Al-Adawi contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Omar A Al-Farsi - Yahya M Al-Farsi - Ishita Gupta - Allal Ouhtit - Khalil S Al-Farsi - Samir Al-Adawi

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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