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Abstract: Microquasars are compact objects stellar-mass black holes and neutron starsthat mimic, on a smaller scale, many of the phenomena seen in quasars. Theirdiscovery provided new insights into the physics of relativistic jets observedelsewhere in the universe, and in particular, the accretion-jet coupling inblack holes. Microquasars are opening new horizons for the understanding ofultraluminous X-ray sources observed in external galaxies, gamma-ray bursts oflong duration, and the origin of stellar black holes and neutron stars.Microquasars are one of the best laboratories to probe General Relativity inthe limit of the strongest gravitational fields, and as such, have become anarea of topical interest for both high energy physics and astrophysics. Atpresent, back hole astrophysics exhibits historical and epistemologicalsimilarities with the origins of stellar astrophysics in the last century.



Author: I. F. Mirabel

Source: https://arxiv.org/



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