GRAIDs: a framework for closing the gap in the availability of health promotion programs and interventions for people with disabilitiesReport as inadecuate




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Implementation Science

, 9:100

First Online: 14 August 2014Received: 10 March 2014Accepted: 22 July 2014DOI: 10.1186-s13012-014-0100-5

Cite this article as: Rimmer, J.H., Vanderbom, K.A., Bandini, L.G. et al. Implementation Sci 2014 9: 100. doi:10.1186-s13012-014-0100-5

Abstract

BackgroundEvidence-based health promotion programs developed and tested in the general population typically exclude people with disabilities. To address this gap, a set of methods and criteria were created to adapt evidence-based health promotion programs for people with disabilities. In this first study, we describe a framework for adapting evidence-based obesity prevention strategies for people with disabilities. We illustrate how the framework has been used to adapt the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s CDC obesity prevention strategies for individuals with physical and developmental disabilities.

MethodsThe development of inclusion guidelines, recommendations and adaptations for obesity prevention referred to as GRAIDs – G uidelines, R ecommendations, A daptations I ncluding D isability consists of five components: i a scoping review of the published and grey literature; ii an expert workgroup composed of nationally recognized leaders in disability and health promotion who review, discuss and modify the scoping review materials and develop the content into draft GRAIDs; iii focus groups with individuals with disabilities and their family members conducted separately who provide input on the potential applicability of the proposed GRAIDs in real world settings; iv a national consensus meeting with 21 expert panel members who review and vote on a final set of GRAIDs; and v an independent peer review of GRAIDs by national leaders from key disability organizations and professional groups through an online web portal.

ResultsThis is an ongoing project, and to date, the process has been used to develop 11 GRAIDs to coincide with 11 of the 24 CDC obesity prevention strategies.

ConclusionA set of methods and criteria have been developed to allow researchers, practitioners and government agencies to promote inclusive health promotion guidelines, strategies and practices for people with disabilities. Evidence-based programs developed for people without disabilities can now be adapted for people with disabilities using the GRAIDs framework.

KeywordsDisability Health promotion Guideline adaptation Obesity Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13012-014-0100-5 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: James H Rimmer - Kerri A Vanderbom - Linda G Bandini - Charles E Drum - Karen Luken - Yolanda Suarez-Balcazar - Ian D 

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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