CONNECT for quality: protocol of a cluster randomized controlled trial to improve fall prevention in nursing homesReport as inadecuate




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Implementation Science

, 7:11

First Online: 29 February 2012Received: 05 September 2011Accepted: 29 February 2012DOI: 10.1186-1748-5908-7-11

Cite this article as: Anderson, R.A., Corazzini, K., Porter, K. et al. Implementation Sci 2012 7: 11. doi:10.1186-1748-5908-7-11

Abstract

BackgroundQuality improvement QI programs focused on mastery of content by individual staff members are the current standard to improve resident outcomes in nursing homes. However, complexity science suggests that learning is a social process that occurs within the context of relationships and interactions among individuals. Thus, QI programs will not result in optimal changes in staff behavior unless the context for social learning is present. Accordingly, we developed CONNECT, an intervention to foster systematic use of management practices, which we propose will enhance effectiveness of a nursing home Falls QI program by strengthening the staff-to-staff interactions necessary for clinical problem-solving about complex problems such as falls. The study aims are to compare the impact of the CONNECT intervention, plus a falls reduction QI intervention CONNECT + FALLS, to the falls reduction QI intervention alone FALLS, on fall-related process measures, fall rates, and staff interaction measures.

Methods-designSixteen nursing homes will be randomized to one of two study arms, CONNECT + FALLS or FALLS alone. Subjects staff and residents are clustered within nursing homes because the intervention addresses social processes and thus must be delivered within the social context, rather than to individuals. Nursing homes randomized to CONNECT + FALLS will receive three months of CONNECT first, followed by three months of FALLS. Nursing homes randomized to FALLS alone receive three months of FALLs QI and are offered CONNECT after data collection is completed. Complexity science measures, which reflect staff perceptions of communication, safety climate, and care quality, will be collected from staff at baseline, three months after, and six months after baseline to evaluate immediate and sustained impacts. FALLS measures including quality indicators process measures and fall rates will be collected for the six months prior to baseline and the six months after the end of the intervention. Analysis will use a three-level mixed model.

DiscussionBy focusing on improving local interactions, CONNECT is expected to maximize staff-s ability to implement content learned in a falls QI program and integrate it into knowledge and action. Our previous pilot work shows that CONNECT is feasible, acceptable and appropriate.

Trial RegistrationClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00636675

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1748-5908-7-11 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Ruth A Anderson - Kirsten Corazzini - Kristie Porter - Kathryn Daily - Reuben R McDanielJr - Cathleen Colón-Emeric

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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