A multi-region assessment of population rates of cardiac catheterization and yield of high-risk coronary artery diseaseReport as inadecuate




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BMC Health Services Research

, 11:323

Utilization, expenditure, economics and financing systems

Abstract

BackgroundThere is variation in cardiac catheterization utilization across jurisdictions. Previous work from Alberta, Canada, showed no evidence of a plateau in the yield of high-risk disease at cardiac catheterization rates as high as 600 per 100,000 population suggesting that the optimal rate is higher. This work aims 1 To determine if a previously demonstrated linear relationship between the yield of high-risk coronary disease and cardiac catheterization rates persists with contemporary data and 2 to explore whether the linear relationship exists in other jurisdictions.

MethodsDetailed clinical information on all patients undergoing cardiac catheterization in 3 Canadian provinces was available through the Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart APPROACH disease and partner initiatives in British Columbia and Nova Scotia. Population rates of catheterization and high-risk coronary disease detection for each health region in these three provinces, and age-adjusted rates produced using direct standardization. A mixed effects regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between catheterization rate and high-risk coronary disease detection.

ResultsIn the contemporary Alberta data, we found a linear relationship between the population catheterization rate and the high-risk yield. Although the yield was slightly less in time period 2 2002-2006 than in time period 11995-2001, there was no statistical evidence of a plateau. The linear relationship between catheterization rate and high-risk yield was similarly demonstrated in British Columbia and Nova Scotia and appears to extend, without a plateau in yield, to rates over 800 procedures per 100,000 population.

ConclusionsOur study demonstrates a consistent finding, over time and across jurisdictions, of linearly increasing detection of high-risk CAD as population rates of cardiac catheterization increase. This internationally-relevant finding can inform country-level planning of invasive cardiac care services.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1472-6963-11-323 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Fiona M Clement - Braden J Manns - Brenda Brownell - Peter D Faris - Michelle M Graham - Karin Humphries - Michael Love

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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