Lipomatous-Extensively Vacuolated Ependymoma with Signet-Ring Cell-Like Appearance: Analysis of a Case with Extensive Literature ReviewReport as inadecuate




Lipomatous-Extensively Vacuolated Ependymoma with Signet-Ring Cell-Like Appearance: Analysis of a Case with Extensive Literature Review - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Case Reports in Pathology - Volume 2017 2017, Article ID 8617050, 9 pages - https:-doi.org-10.1155-2017-8617050

Case Report

Department of Neuropathology, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery -Manuel Velasco Suárez-, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico

Laboratory of Experimental Neuropathology, National Institute of Neurology and Neurosurgery -Manuel Velasco Suárez-, Tlalpan, Mexico City, Mexico

Correspondence should be addressed to Miguel Fdo. Salazar

Received 25 November 2016; Accepted 22 January 2017; Published 14 February 2017

Academic Editor: Piero Tosi

Copyright © 2017 Miguel Fdo. Salazar et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

-Lipomatous- and -extensively vacuolated- are descriptive captions that have been used to portray a curious subset of ependymomas distinctively bearing cells with a large vacuole pushing the nucleus to the periphery and, thus, simulating a signet-ring cell appearance. Here, we would like to report the first ependymoma of this kind in a Latin American institution. A 16-year-old boy experienced cephalea during three months. Magnetic resonance imaging scans showed a left paraventricular tumour which corresponded to anaplastic ependymoma. Intriguingly, it was also composed of cells with single or multiple hollow cytoplasmic vacuoles sometimes giving a signet-ring cell-like configuration. Immunolabeling of these showed membrane positivity for GFAP, PS100, and CD99, while Ki-67 expression was null. Ultrastructural examination of retrieved paraffin-embedded tissue showed the presence of scarce microlumina filled with microvilli but failed to demonstrate any content in such optically empty vacuoles as only scant granulofibrillary debris was observed. A schism prevails at present regarding these unusual morphological variants, being either -lipomatous- or -vacuolated- based mainly on the EMA immunoprofile. This, however, is a misappropriate approaching. Could it be that perhaps we are dealing with the same histopathological entity or it may simply happen that fixation and artefacts cannot allow for their proper identification?





Author: Miguel Fdo. Salazar, Martha Lilia Tena-Suck, Alma Ortiz-Plata, Citlaltepetl Salinas-Lara, and Daniel Rembao-Bojórquez

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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