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Implementation Science

, 9:122

First Online: 25 September 2014Received: 20 February 2014Accepted: 12 July 2014DOI: 10.1186-s13012-014-0122-z

Cite this article as: Gagliardi, A.R., Webster, F., Perrier, L. et al. Implementation Sci 2014 9: 122. doi:10.1186-s13012-014-0122-z

Abstract

BackgroundKnowledge translation KT supports use of evidence in healthcare decision making but is not widely practiced. Mentoring is a promising means of developing KT capacity. The purpose of this scoping systematic review was to identify essential components of mentoring that could be adapted for KT mentorship.

MethodsKey social sciences and management databases were searched from January 2002 to December 2011 inclusive. Empirical research in non-healthcare settings that examined mentorship design and impact for improving job-specific knowledge and skill were eligible. Members of the study team independently selected eligible studies, and extracted and summarized data.

ResultsOf 2,101 search results, 293 were retrieved and 13 studies were eligible for review. All but one reported improvements in knowledge, skill, or behavior. Mentoring program components included combining preliminary workshop-based training with individual mentoring provided either in person or remotely; training of mentors; and periodic mentoring for at least an hour over a minimum period of six months. Barriers included the need for infrastructure for recruitment, matching, and training; lack of clarity in mentoring goals; and limited satisfaction with mentors and their availability. Findings were analyzed against a conceptual framework of factors that influence mentoring design and impact to identify issues warranting further research.

ConclusionThis study identified key mentoring components that could be adapted for KT mentorship. Overall, few studies were identified. Thus further research should explore whether and how mentoring should be tailored to baseline knowledge or skill and individual KT needs; evaluate newly developed or existing KT mentorship programs based on the factors identified here; and examine whether and how KT mentorship develops KT capacity. The conceptual framework could be used to develop or evaluate KT mentoring programs.

KeywordsKnowledge translation Mentorship Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13012-014-0122-z contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Anna R Gagliardi - Fiona Webster - Laure Perrier - Mary Bell - Sharon Straus

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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