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Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

, 9:41

First Online: 25 September 2014Received: 06 March 2014Accepted: 18 September 2014DOI: 10.1186-1747-597X-9-41

Cite this article as: Loveland, D. & Driscoll, H. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2014 9: 41. doi:10.1186-1747-597X-9-41

Abstract

BackgroundEngaging individuals who have a substance use disorder SUD in treatment continues to be a challenge for the specialty addiction treatment field. Research has consistently revealed high rates of missed appointments at each step of the enrollment process: 1. between calling for services and assessment, 2. between assessment and enrollment, and 3. between enrollment and completion of treatment. Extensive research has examined each step of the process; however, there is limited research examining the overall attrition rate across all steps.

MethodsA single case study of a specialty addiction treatment agency was used to examine the attrition rates across the first three steps of the enrollment process. Attrition rates were tracked between August 1, 2011 and July 31, 2012. The cohort included 1822 unique individuals who made an initial request for addiction treatment services. Monthly retrospective reviews of medical records, phone logs, and billing data were used to calculate attrition rates. Attrition rates reported in the literature were collected and compared to the rates found at the target agency.

ResultsMedian time between request for treatment and assessment was 6 days mean 7.5 and between assessment and treatment enrollment was 8 days mean 12.5. An overall attrition rate of 80% was observed, including 45% between call and assessment, 32% between assessment and treatment enrollment another 17% could not be determined, and 37% left or were removed from treatment before 30 days. Women were less likely to complete 30 days of treatment compared to men. No other demographics were related to attrition rates.

DiscussionOne out of every five people who requested treatment completed a minimum of 30 days of a treatment. The attrition rate was high, yet similar to rates noted in the literature. Limitations of the single case study are noted.

ConclusionAttrition rates in the U.S. are high with approximately 75% to 80% of treatment seekers disengaging at one of the multiple stages of the enrollment and treatment process. Significant changes in the system are needed to improve engagement rates.

KeywordsEngagement Attrition Addiction treatment Healthcare reform AbbreviationsSUDSubstance use disorder

SAMHSASubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration

ACAAccountable Care Act

UATUrban Addiction Treatment

IOPIntensive outpatient substance use treatment

IRSInitial request for services

OPOutpatient substance use treatment

DASADivision of Alcoholism and Substance Abuse

IL- DHSIllinois Department of Human Services

DMHDepartment of Mental Health.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1747-597X-9-41 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: David Loveland - Hilary Driscoll

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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