Gender differences in the association between pre-adolescent smoking initiation and emotional or behavioural problemsReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 10:615

First Online: 18 October 2010Received: 25 November 2009Accepted: 18 October 2010DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-10-615

Cite this article as: de Meer, G., Crone, M.R. & Reijneveld, S.A. BMC Public Health 2010 10: 615. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-615

Abstract

BackgroundEmotional and behavioural problems are a risk factor for the initiation of smoking. In this study, we aimed to assess this relationship beyond clinical cut-off values of problem behaviour.

MethodsCross-sectional national survey among 9-13 year old children with data on smoking and Childhood Behaviour Checklist CBCL N = 960. Relationships between smoking and tertiles of CBCL-scores were assessed.

ResultsSmoking was reported by 5.9% of the children 7.1% boys and 5.0% girls, P > 0.100. Relationships between smoking and problem behaviour were present in girls, but ot in boys. Among girls, smoking was associated with attention problems, thought problems, and delinquent behaviour. For attention problems and delinquent behaviour the associations were limited to the CBCL-scores in the uppermost 16% which agrees with the subclinical cut-off value.

ConclusionPre-adolescent girls more frequently smoke if having attention problems, delinquent behaviour, or thought problems.

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-615 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Gea de Meer - Matty R Crone - Sijmen A Reijneveld

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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