Canine and Human Dirofilariosis in the Rostov Region Southern RussiaReport as inadecuate




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Veterinary Medicine InternationalVolume 2011 2011, Article ID 685713, 5 pages

Research Article

Rostov State Medical University, Per. Nakhichevansky 29, 344022 Rostov-na-Donu, Russia

North Caucasus Veterinary Research Institute, Rostov Highway 0, 346421 Novocherkassk, Rostov Region, Russia

Rostov Regional Diagnostic Center, Ul. Pushkinskaya 127, 344000 Rostov-na-Donu, Russia

Vet Med Labor GmbH Division of IDEXX Laboratories, Mörikestrasse 28-3 71636 Ludwigsburg, Germany

Laboratory of Parasitology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Salamanca, Avenida Licenciado Méndez Nieto s-n, 37007 Salamanca, Spain

Received 17 October 2010; Revised 24 November 2010; Accepted 14 December 2010

Academic Editor: Dimosthenis E. Miliaras

Copyright © 2011 Vladimir Kartashev et al. This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Abstract

Epidemiological data on canine and human dirofilariosis in the Rostov Region Southern Russia are presented. Prevalence of Dirofilaria spp. infections in 795 autochthonous dogs, assessed by the Knott test, was 20.25%. The highest prevalence was found in Novocherkassk 38.3% and Rostov-on-Don 18.5%, while prevalences were lower in other points of the region. Prevalence of D. repens was 44.7%, prevalence of D. immitis was 30.3%, and coinfections were observed in 25.0% of the dog population. A case finding study carried out during 9 years 2000–2009 revealed 131 cases of human dirofilariosis in the Rostov Region, 129 of subcutaneous dirofilariosis and 2 of pulmonary dirofilariosis. Seroprevalence among 317 healthy blood donors from the Rostov Region was 10.4%, while seroprevalence in policemen living in Rostov city and working in training dogs was 19%. These data show high infection rates of Dirofilaria spp. in both human and dog populations of Rostov, probably because of the existence of favorable conditions for the transmission in this region.





Author: Vladimir Kartashev, Irina Batashova, Sergey Kartashov, Alexey Ermakov, Anna Mironova, Yulia Kuleshova, Boris Ilyasov, Irina

Source: https://www.hindawi.com/



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