A scoping study of cultural interventions to treat addictions in Indigenous populations: methods, strategies and insights from a Two-Eyed Seeing approachReport as inadecuate




A scoping study of cultural interventions to treat addictions in Indigenous populations: methods, strategies and insights from a Two-Eyed Seeing approach - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy

, 10:26

First Online: 04 July 2015Received: 04 February 2015Accepted: 25 June 2015DOI: 10.1186-s13011-015-0021-6

Cite this article as: Rowan, M., Poole, N., Shea, B. et al. Subst Abuse Treat Prev Policy 2015 10: 26. doi:10.1186-s13011-015-0021-6

Abstract

BackgroundThis paper describes the methods, strategies and insights gained from a scoping study using a -Two-Eyed Seeing- approach. An evolving technique, Two-Eyed Seeing respects and integrates the strengths of Indigenous knowledge and Western sciences, often -weaving back and forth- between the two worldviews. The scoping study was used to inform a tool for measuring the impact of culturally based addictions treatment services on wellness in Indigenous populations. It formed part of a three-year study, Honouring Our Strengths: Indigenous Culture as Intervention in Addictions Treatment. The scoping study identified and mapped literature on cultural interventions in addictions treatment, and described the nature, extent and gaps in literature.

MethodsUsing a Two-Eyed Seeing approach, we adapted, applied and enhanced a common framework of scoping studies. In the end stage of the scoping review process, an Ad Hoc Review Group, led by our project Elder, reviewed and interpreted Indigenous and Western understandings within the mapped information. Elements of the scoping study were joined with results from community focus groups with staff at treatment centres.

ResultsTwo-Eyed Seeing contributed differently at each stage of the scoping study. In early stages, it clarified team expertise and potential contributions. At the mid-point, it influenced our shift from a systematic to a scoping review. Near the end, it incorporated Western and Indigenous knowledge to interpret and synthesize evidence from multiple sources.

ConclusionsThis paper adds to the collective work on augmenting the methodology of scoping studies. Despite the challenges of a Two-Eyed Seeing approach, it enables researchers using scoping studies to develop knowledge that is better able to translate into meaningful findings for Indigenous communities.

KeywordsFirst Nations Cultural interventions Addictions Indigenous Treatment interventions Scoping study Systematic review Two-Eyed Seeing  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Margo Rowan - Nancy Poole - Beverley Shea - David Mykota - Marwa Farag - Carol Hopkins - Laura Hall - Christopher Mushquas

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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