A survey of knowledge-to-action pathways of aging policies and programs in the Arab region: the role of institutional arrangementsReport as inadecuate




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Implementation Science

, 10:170

First Online: 11 December 2015Received: 14 March 2015Accepted: 07 December 2015DOI: 10.1186-s13012-015-0360-8

Cite this article as: Rizk, A., Kronfol, N.M., Moffatt, S. et al. Implementation Sci 2015 10: 170. doi:10.1186-s13012-015-0360-8

Abstract

BackgroundWhile population aging challenges Arab governments to ensure well-being in old age, knowledge translation is gaining support worldwide in evidence-based policymaking and service provision. This study examines the status of existing knowledge translation efforts of aging-related research in Arab countries and evaluates the additional role that institutional arrangements such as ministry departments, national committees, etc. play in the relationship between knowledge creation and social and health policies and programs.

MethodsData were triangulated from two regional surveys and a supplementary desk review of academic, civil society, ministry, and UN documents. Using a set of indicators, standardized summative indices out of 100 were generated for five constructs, namely knowledge creation, institutional arrangements, knowledge translation, and health and social policies and programs. Correlations were assessed using Spearman’s rank correlation rs, and bootstrap multiple linear regression models were used.

ResultsArab countries scored highest on the institutional arrangements index median = 69.5, followed by the knowledge creation index median = 45.9, and lowest on the knowledge translation index median = 30.2. Both institutional arrangements and knowledge creation significantly correlated with social and health policies and programs. However, when adjusted for knowledge translation, only institutional arrangements retained a significant association with both outcomes rs = 0.63, p value =0.009 and rs = 0.69, p value =0.01, respectively. Adjusting for institutional arrangements and knowledge creation, the association of knowledge translation with social and health policies and programs was attenuated and non-significant rs = 0.08, p value =0.671 and rs = 0.12, p value =0.634, respectively.

ConclusionsThere are two key messages from this study. Firstly, institutional arrangements play a central role in aging social and health policy and program development in the Arab region. Secondly, knowledge translation paradigms in Arab countries may be deficient in factors pertinent for promoting evidence-based decision-making and policy-relevant research. These findings call for the need of strengthening institutional arrangements on aging and for promoting knowledge production that meets policy-relevant priorities.

KeywordsKnowledge translation Institutional arrangements Aging Arab region AbbreviationsESCWAEconomic and Social Commission of Western Asia

HPhealth policies and programs

IAinstitutional arrangements

ICPDInternational Conference on Population and Development

KCknowledge creation

KTknowledge translation

SPsocial policies and programs

UNFPAUnited Nations Population Fund

WHOWorld Health Organization

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s13012-015-0360-8 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Anthony Rizk - Nabil M. Kronfol - Suzanne Moffatt - Shahaduz Zaman - Souha Fares - Abla Mehio Sibai

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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