Burden and Expressed Emotion of Caregivers in Cases of Adult Substance Use Disorder with and Without Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder or Autism Spectrum DisorderReport as inadecuate




Burden and Expressed Emotion of Caregivers in Cases of Adult Substance Use Disorder with and Without Attention Deficit-Hyperactivity Disorder or Autism Spectrum Disorder - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 49–63

First Online: 21 July 2015DOI: 10.1007-s11469-015-9567-9

Cite this article as: Kronenberg, L.M., Goossens, P.J.J., van Busschbach, J.T. et al. Int J Ment Health Addiction 2016 14: 49. doi:10.1007-s11469-015-9567-9

Abstract

ObjectiveTo identify and compare caregiver burden and expressed emotion EE in adult substance use disorder SUD patients with and without co-occurring attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder ADHD or autism spectrum disorder ASD. To examine possible differences in correlations between caregiver burden and EE across patient groups.

Design and MethodsCross-sectional study with measures of perceived burden Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire: IEQ, subjective stress General Health Questionnaire: GHQ and perceptions of expressed emotion Level of Expressed Emotion: LEE in informal caregivers for patients with SUD, SUD+ADHD or SUD+ASD.

FindingsNo differences in caregiver burden or expressed emotion when caregivers for patients with SUD were compared to caregivers for patients with SUD+ADHD. A moderate but non-significant difference for caregivers of patients with SUD versus SUD+ASD, which disappeared when the number of contact hours between patient and caregiver for the SUD only group was controlled for. The IEQ sum scores also substantially correlated with the LEE sum scores.

ConclusionInformal caregivers for patients with only SUD show higher levels of burden and EE than informal caregivers for patients with SUD and a co-occurring ASD. This difference was largely explained by the higher number of contact hours between patient and caregiver in the SUD only group.

KeywordsBurden Expressed emotions Substance use disorder Attention deficit-hyperactivity disorder Autism spectrum disorder  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Linda M. Kronenberg - Peter J. J. Goossens - Jooske T. van Busschbach - Theo van Achterberg - Wim van den Brink

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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