Children’s GPS-determined versus self-reported transport in leisure time and associations with parental perceptions of the neighborhood environmentReport as inadecuate




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International Journal of Health Geographics

, 15:16

First Online: 05 May 2016Received: 02 September 2015Accepted: 20 April 2016DOI: 10.1186-s12942-016-0045-9

Cite this article as: Vanwolleghem, G., Schipperijn, J., Gheysen, F. et al. Int J Health Geogr 2016 15: 16. doi:10.1186-s12942-016-0045-9

Abstract

BackgroundThis study aimed to examine both GPS-determined and self-reported walking, cycling and passive transport in leisure time during week- and weekend-days among 10 to 12-year old children. Comparisons between GPS-determined and self-reported transport in leisure time were investigated. Second, associations between parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment and GPS-determined walking, cycling and passive transport in leisure time were studied.

MethodsChildren 10 to 12-years old; n = 126 wore a GPS device and an accelerometer for 7 consecutive days to assess objectively measured transport in leisure time and filled out a diary to assess self-reported transport in leisure time. Parents completed a questionnaire to assess parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment. Pearson correlations and t-tests were used to test for concurrent validity and differences between GPS-determined and self-reported transport in leisure time. Generalized linear models were used to determine the associations between the parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment and GPS-determined transport in leisure time.

ResultsOverall, children under-reported their walking and cycling in leisure time, compared to GPS-determined measures all p values <0.001. However, children reported their passive transport in leisure time during weekend days quite accurate. GPS-determined measures revealed that children walked most during weekdays M = 3.96 trips-day; 26.10 min-day and used passive transport more frequently during weekend days M = 2.12 trips-day; 31.39 min-day. Only a few parental perceived environmental attributes of the neighborhood i.e. residential density, land use mix access, quality and availability of walking and cycling facilities, and aesthetics were significantly associated with children’s GPS-determined walking, cycling or passive transport in leisure time.

ConclusionsTo accurately assess children’s active transport in leisure time, GPS measures are recommended over self-reports. More research using GPS with a focus on children’s transport in leisure time and investigating the associations with parental perceptions of the neighborhood environment is needed to confirm the results of the present study.

KeywordsGPS Transport in leisure time Children Physical environment Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s12942-016-0045-9 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Griet Vanwolleghem - Jasper Schipperijn - Freja Gheysen - Greet Cardon - Ilse De Bourdeaudhuij - Delfien Van Dyck

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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