Interparental Violence and the Mediating Role of Parental Availability in Children’s Trauma Related SymptomsReport as inadecuate




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Journal of Child and Adolescent Trauma

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 115–125

First Online: 25 November 2015DOI: 10.1007-s40653-015-0071-y

Cite this article as: Visser, M., Schoemaker, K., de Schipper, C. et al. Journ Child Adol Trauma 2016 9: 115. doi:10.1007-s40653-015-0071-y

Abstract

This cross-sectional study examined the hypothesis that parental psychopathology in Interparental Violence IPV families crosses over to children, because parental psychopathology spills over to parental functioning. In a high-risk sample of IPV exposed families, we tested whether parental psychopathology spills over to parental availability, which, in turn, shows a crossover effect to children’s trauma-related symptoms. The study population consisted of 78 IPV exposed children 4–12 years, and their 65 custodial parents referred to outpatient Children’s Trauma Centers in the Netherlands for intervention. Consistent with our hypotheses, parental psychopathology was negatively related to parental availability, suggesting a spillover effect. Although parental psychopathology was not associated with children’s trauma-related symptoms directly, we found evidence for the predicted indirect, crossover effects. We found an indirect crossover effect from parental psychopathology to children’s trauma-related anxiety, depression, and anger, through the spillover effect of parental availability. Clinical implications for treatment and study limitations are discussed.

KeywordsInterparental violence Posttraumatic stress Parental availability Parental psychopathology Spillover effects Crossover effects  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Margreet Visser - Kim Schoemaker - Clasien de Schipper - Francien Lamers-Winkelman - Catrin Finkenauer

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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