Rat-atouille: A Mixed Method Study to Characterize Rodent Hunting and Consumption in the Context of Lassa FeverReport as inadecuate




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EcoHealth

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 234–247

First Online: 19 February 2016Received: 17 August 2015Revised: 14 December 2015Accepted: 15 December 2015DOI: 10.1007-s10393-016-1098-8

Cite this article as: Bonwitt, J., Kelly, A.H., Ansumana, R. et al. EcoHealth 2016 13: 234. doi:10.1007-s10393-016-1098-8

Abstract

Lassa fever is a zoonotic hemorrhagic illness predominant in areas across Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia, and southern Mali. The reservoir of Lassa virus is the multimammate mouse Mastomys natalensis, a highly commensal species in West Africa. Primary transmission to humans occurs through direct or indirect contact with rodent body fluids such as urine, feces, saliva, or blood. Our research draws together qualitative and quantitative methods to provide a fuller and more nuanced perspective on these varied points of human–animal contact. In this article, we focus on the hunting, preparation, and consumption of rodents as possible routes of exposure in Bo, Sierra Leone. We found that the consumption of rodents, including the reservoir species, is widespread and does not neatly tally against generational or gender lines. Further, we found that the reasons for rodent consumption are multifactorial, including taste preferences, food security, and opportunistic behavior. We argue that on certain topics, such as rodent consumption, establishing trust with communities, and using qualitative research methods, is key to investigate sensitive issues and situate them in their wider context. To conclude, we recommend ways to refine sensitization campaigns to account for these socio-cultural contexts.

KeywordsLassa fever human–rodent interaction Mastomys natalensis hunting consumption mixed method  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Jesse Bonwitt - Ann H. Kelly - Rashid Ansumana - Schadrac Agbla - Foday Sahr - Almudena Mari Saez - Matthias Borchert - R

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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