Epidemiological and clinical aspects of urogenital schistosomiasis in women, in Burkina Faso, West AfricaReport as inadecuate




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Infectious Diseases of Poverty

, 5:81

First Online: 01 September 2016Received: 04 October 2015Accepted: 19 July 2016DOI: 10.1186-s40249-016-0174-1

Cite this article as: Zida, A., Briegel, J., Kabré, I. et al. Infect Dis Poverty 2016 5: 81. doi:10.1186-s40249-016-0174-1

Abstract

BackgroundBecause infections with Schistosoma Haematobium usually peak in childhood, the majority of studies on schistosomiasis have focused on school-aged children. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological and clinical aspects of urogenital schistosomiasis in women in Burkina Faso, West Africa.

MethodsA cross-sectional study was conducted in a mesoendemic region Kombissiri and a hyperendemic region Dori for schistosomiasis in Burkina Faso. A total of 287 females aged 5 to 50 years were included in the study. S. haematobium infection was assessed using the urine filtration method and dipsticks were used for the detection of hematuria. Interviews were conducted to identify clinical aspects and risk factors related to urogenital schistosomiasis.

ResultsThe overall prevalence of S. haematobium infection in Dori was 21.3 %, where as Kombissiri was less affected with a prevalence of 4.6 %. The most affected age group was the 10- to 14-year-olds 41.2 %, followed by the 15- to 19-year-olds 26.3 %. Risk factors significantly associated with schistosomiasis P <0.05 were place of residence, age, contact with open water in the past year, and distance of home to open water. The percentage of participants who had contact with open water was significantly higher among the women living in Dori compared to Kombissiri. Females over 15 years of age showed a significant higher rate of water contact compared to the 5- to 15-year-olds. A significant correlation between schistosomiasis and hematuria was established. Microhematuria showed a sensitivity of 80.6 %, a specificity of 92.7 %, and a positive predictive value of 61.7 %, whereas macrohematuria had a sensitivity of 47.2 %, a specificity of 99.2 %, and a positive predictive value of 89.5 %. The mass distribution of praziquantel in Burkina Faso is well established. However, over half of the participants with schistosomiasis in this study said they took praziquantel in the past 6 months, which indicates a high reinfection rate. This may be associated with a lack of knowledge about the transmission of schistosomiasis. Only 6 % of the participants in Kombissiri and 1.5 % in Dori knew about the correct mode of transmission.

ConclusionsThe results of our study indicate that distribution campaigns should be extended from school-aged children to young women. Our data also demonstrate the necessity of combining already established mass distribution campaigns with information campaigns, so that long-term elimination, or at least reduction, of schistosomiasis can be achieved.

KeywordsUrogenital schistosomiasis Epidemiology Clinic Women Burkina Faso Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s40249-016-0174-1 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Adama Zida - Janika Briegel - Ibrahim Kabré - Marcel P. Sawadogo - Ibrahim Sangaré - Sanata Bamba - Abdourahamane Yacoub

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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