Temperature during pregnancy influences the fetal growth and birth sizeReport as inadecuate




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Tropical Medicine and Health

, 45:1

First Online: 10 January 2017Received: 14 September 2016Accepted: 06 December 2016DOI: 10.1186-s41182-016-0041-6

Cite this article as: Rashid, H., Kagami, M., Ferdous, F. et al. Trop Med Health 2017 45: 1. doi:10.1186-s41182-016-0041-6

Abstract

BackgroundBirth weight and length have seasonal fluctuations. However, it is uncertain which meteorological element has an effect on birth outcomes and which timing of pregnancy would explain such effect. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to examine temperature effects during pregnancy and which timing of pregnancy has effects on size at birth.

MethodsA large, randomized, controlled trial of food and micronutrient supplementation for pregnant women was conducted in Matlab, Bangladesh MINIMat Study, where women were enrolled from November 2001 to October 2003. The fetal growth data which included the size at birth and information of their mothers were obtained n = 3267. Meteorological data such as temperature, precipitation, relative humidity, and daily sunshine hours during pregnancy were observed at the nearest observatory site of Bangladesh Meteorological Department.

ResultsInfants born in colder months November–January were shorter than those born in hot and dry, and monsoon months mean SD of birth length was 47.5 cm 2.2 vs. 47.8 cm 2.1 vs. 47.9 cm 2.1 respectively; P < 0.001. Increased temperature during the last month of pregnancy was significantly related with increased birth length with adjustment for gestational weeks and the season at birth, and remained significant with further adjustments for precipitation, sex of infants, maternal early-pregnancy BMI, parity, and education status of the mother P < 0.01. On the other hand, increased temperature at mid-gestation was associated with increased birth weight P < 0.05.

ConclusionsThese findings suggest that temperature affects both birth weight and length. The more temperature increased at the last month of pregnancy, birth length became longer. For birth weight, the temperature at mid-pregnancy affected in a positive way.

KeywordsTemperature Birth length Birth weight AbbreviationsBMIBody mass index

GAGestational age

icddr,bInternational Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh

IUGRIntrauterine growth retardation

LBWLow birth weight

LMPLast menstrual period

MINIMatMaternal and Infant Nutrition Intervention Study in Matlab

Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-s41182-016-0041-6 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Harunor Rashid - Miki Kagami - Farzana Ferdous - Enbo Ma - Toru Terao - Taiichi Hayashi - Yukiko Wagatsuma

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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