Acceptability of the Distress Thermometer and Problem List to community-based telephone cancer helpline operators, and to cancer patients and carersReport as inadecuate




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BMC Cancer

, 11:46

Epidemiology, prevention and public health

Abstract

BackgroundCancer can be a distressing experience for cancer patients and carers, impacting on psychological, social, physical and spiritual functioning. However, health professionals often fail to detect distress in their patients due to time constraints and a lack of experience. Also, with the focus on the patient, carer needs are often overlooked. This study investigated the acceptability of brief distress screening with the Distress Thermometer DT and Problem List PL to operators of a community-based telephone helpline, as well as to cancer patients and carers calling the service.

MethodsOperators n = 18 monitored usage of the DT and PL with callers cancer patients-carers, >18 years, and English-speaking from September-December 2006 n = 666. The DT is a single item, 11-point scale to rate level of distress. The associated PL identifies the cause of distress.

ResultsThe DT and PL were used on 90% of eligible callers, most providing valid responses. Benefits included having an objective, structured and consistent means for distress screening and triage to supportive care services. Reported challenges included apparent inappropriateness of the tools due to the nature of the call or level of caller distress, the DT numeric scale, and the level of operator training.

ConclusionsWe observed positive outcomes to using the DT and PL, although operators reported some challenges. Overcoming these challenges may improve distress screening particularly by less experienced clinicians, and further development of the PL items and DT scale may assist with administration. The DT and PL allow clinicians to direct-prioritise interventions or referrals, although ongoing training and support is critical in distress screening.

AbbreviationsDTDistress Thermometer

PLProblem List

HADSHospital Anxiety and Depression Scale

IQRInter-Quartile Range.

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Author: Karen L Hughes - Hilary Sargeant - Anna L Hawkes

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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