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Malaria Journal

, 16:102

First Online: 04 March 2017Received: 10 January 2017Accepted: 28 February 2017DOI: 10.1186-s12936-017-1763-6

Cite this article as: Wickremasinghe, A.R., Wickremasinghe, R., Herath, H.D.B. et al. Malar J 2017 16: 102. doi:10.1186-s12936-017-1763-6

Abstract

BackgroundImported malaria cases continue to be reported in Sri Lanka, which was declared ‘malaria-free’ by the World Health Organization in September 2016. Chemoprophylaxis, a recommended strategy for malaria prevention for visitors travelling to malaria-endemic countries from Sri Lanka is available free of charge. The strategy of providing chemoprophylaxis to visitors to a neighbouring malaria-endemic country within the perspective of a country that has successfully eliminated malaria but is highly receptive was assessed, taking Sri Lanka as a case in point.

MethodsThe risk of a Sri Lankan national acquiring malaria during a visit to India, a malaria-endemic country, was calculated for the period 2008–2013. The cost of providing prophylaxis for Sri Lankan nationals travelling to India for 1, 2 and 4 weeks was estimated for that same period.

ResultsThe risk of a Sri Lankan traveller to India acquiring malaria ranged from 5.25 per 100,000 travellers in 2012 to 13.45 per 100,000 travellers in 2010. If 50% of cases were missed by the Sri Lankan healthcare system, then the risk of acquiring malaria in India among returning Sri Lankans would double. The 95% confidence intervals for both risks are small. As chloroquine is the chemoprophylactic drug recommended for travellers to India by the Anti Malaria Campaign of Sri Lanka, the costs of chemoprophylaxis for travellers for a 1-, 2- and 4-weeks stay in India on average are US$ 41,604, 48,538 and 62,407, respectively. If all Sri Lankan travellers to India are provided with chemoprophylaxis for four weeks, it will comprise 0.65% of the national malaria control programme budget.

ConclusionsBased on the low risk of acquiring malaria among Sri Lankan travellers returning from India and the high receptivity in previously malarious areas of the country, chemoprophylaxis should not be considered a major strategy in the prevention of re-introduction. In areas with high receptivity, universal access to quality-assured diagnosis and treatment cannot be compromised at whatever cost.

KeywordsMalaria Chemoprophylaxis Cost Prevention of re-introduction Sri Lanka AbbreviationsAMCAnti Malaria Campaign

SLRSri Lankan rupee

US$United States dollar

WHOWorld Health Organization

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Author: A. Rajitha Wickremasinghe - Renu Wickremasinghe - Hemantha D. B. Herath - S. Deepika Fernando

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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