Effects of maternal education on diet, anemia, and iron deficiency in Korean school-aged childrenReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 11:870

Health behavior, health promotion and society

Abstract

BackgroundWe investigated the relationship among socioeconomic status factors, the risk of anemia, and iron deficiency among school-aged children in Korea.

MethodsThe sample consisted of fourth-grade students aged 10 y recruited from nine elementary schools in Korean urban areas in 2008 n = 717. Anthropometric and blood biochemistry data were obtained for this cross-sectional observational study. Anemia was defined as hemoglobin levels lower than 11.5 g-dl. Iron deficiency was defined as serum iron levels lower than 40 ug-dl. We also obtained data on parental education from questionnaires and on children-s diets from 3-day food diaries. Parental education was categorized as low or high, with the latter representing an educational level beyond high school.

ResultsChildren with more educated mothers were less likely to develop anemia P = 0.0324 and iron deficiency P = 0.0577 than were those with less educated mothers. This group consumed more protein P = 0.0004 and iron P = 0.0012 from animal sources than did the children of less educated mothers, as reflected by their greater consumption of meat, poultry, and derivatives P < 0.0001. Logistic regression analysis revealed a significant inverse relationship between maternal education and the prevalence of anemia odds ratio: 0.52; 95% confidence interval: 0.32, 0.85.

ConclusionsAs a contributor to socioeconomic status, maternal education is important in reducing the risk of anemia and iron deficiency and in increasing children-s consumption of animal food sources.

Hyeon-Jeong Choi, Hye-Ja Lee contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Hyeon-Jeong Choi - Hye-Ja Lee - Han Byul Jang - Ju Yeon Park - Jae-Heon Kang - Kyung-Hee Park - Jihyun Song

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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