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Mindfulness

pp 1–21

First Online: 01 July 2017DOI: 10.1007-s12671-017-0762-6

Cite this article as: Tomlinson, E.R., Yousaf, O., Vittersø, A.D. et al. Mindfulness 2017. doi:10.1007-s12671-017-0762-6

Abstract

Interest in the influence of dispositional mindfulness DM on psychological health has been gathering pace over recent years. Despite this, a systematic review of this topic has not been conducted. A systematic review can benefit the field by identifying the terminology and measures used by researchers and by highlighting methodological weaknesses and empirical gaps. We systematically reviewed non-interventional, quantitative papers on DM and psychological health in non-clinical samples published in English up to June 2016, following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses PRISMA guidelines. A literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, PubMED, Medline and Embase, and 93 papers met the inclusion criteria. Within these, three main themes emerged, depicting the relationship between DM and psychological health: 1 DM appears to be inversely related to psychopathological symptoms such as depressive symptoms, 2 DM is positively linked to adaptive cognitive processes such as less rumination and pain catastrophizing and 3 DM appears to be associated with better emotional processing and regulation. These themes informed the creation of a taxonomy. We conclude that research has consistently shown a positive relationship between DM and psychological health. Suggestions for future research and conceptual and methodological limitations within the field are discussed.

KeywordsMindfulness Dispositional Trait Psychological health Emotion Cognition  Download fulltext PDF



Author: Eve R. Tomlinson - Omar Yousaf - Axel D. Vittersø - Lauraine Jones

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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