Is proximity to a food retail store associated with diet and BMI in Glasgow, ScotlandReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 11:464

Health behavior, health promotion and society

Abstract

BackgroundAccess to healthy food is often seen as a potentially important contributor to diet. Policy documents in many countries suggest that variations in access contribute to inequalities in diet and in health. Some studies, mostly in the USA, have found that proximity to food stores is associated with dietary patterns, body weight and socio-economic differences in diet and obesity, whilst others have found no such relationships. We aim to investigate whether proximity to food retail stores is associated with dietary patterns or Body Mass Index in Glasgow, a large city in the UK.

MethodsWe mapped data from a -Health and Well-Being Survey- n = 991, and a list of food stores n = 741 in Glasgow City, using ArcGIS, and undertook network analysis to find the distance from respondents- home addresses to the nearest fruit and vegetable store, small general store, and supermarket.

ResultsWe found few statistically significant associations between proximity to food retail outlets and diet or obesity, for unadjusted or adjusted models, or when stratifying by gender, car ownership or employment.

ConclusionsThe findings suggest that in urban settings in the UK the distribution of retail food stores may not be a major influence on diet and weight, possibly because most urban residents have reasonable access to food stores.

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Author: Laura Macdonald - Anne Ellaway - Kylie Ball - Sally Macintyre

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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