Experimental study on the cyclic resistance of a natural loess from Northern FranceReport as inadecuate

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1 NAVIER UMR 8205 - Laboratoire Navier 2 CERMES - Géotechnique NAVIER UMR 8205 - Laboratoire Navier 3 SNCF - Société Nationale des Chemins de Fer - Direction de l-Ingénierie

Abstract : In order to analyze the instability phenomenon observed along the Northern High Speed Line of Réseau Ferré de France RFF, soil blocks were taken at a site near the railway, at four different depths 1.2, 2.2, 3.5 and 4.9 m. Cyclic triaxial tests were carried out on saturated and unsaturated soil specimens. The results from tests on initially saturated specimens showed that the soil taken at 2.2 m depth has the lowest resistance to cyclic loading, in relation to its highest porosity and lowest clay fraction. This soil was then studied at unsaturated state with various initial water contents. Unsaturated soil specimens were first subjected to cyclic loadings to decrease their volume. These cyclic loadings was stopped when the volume decrease was approximately equal to the initial pore air volume, or when the pores filled by air were eliminated and the soil was considered to become saturated. Afterwards, the back-pressure tubing was saturated with de-aired water and cycles were applied under undrained condition. Significant effect of initial water content was evidenced: the lower the initial water content, the higher the cyclic resistance. This can be explained by the densification of the soil during the initial cyclic loadings.

Mots-clés : densification loess cyclic resistance liquefaction instability saturation densification.

Author: Jean-Paul Karam - Yu-Jun Cui - Anh Minh Tang - Jean-Marc Terpereau - Gilles Marchadier -

Source: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/


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