Prevalence and factors associated with irritable bowel syndrome among medical students of Karachi, Pakistan: A cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Research Notes

, 5:255

First Online: 24 May 2012Received: 06 December 2011Accepted: 24 May 2012DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-5-255

Cite this article as: Naeem, S.S., Siddiqui, E.U., Kazi, A.N. et al. BMC Res Notes 2012 5: 255. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-5-255

Abstract

BackgroundIrritable bowel syndrome IBS and its association with stress, has not been studied among university students in Pakistan. We investigated the prevalence and the pattern of anxiety related IBS symptoms among medical students of Karachi.

FindingsAn observational case–control study was carried out at three medical colleges of Karachi, Pakistan. Random sampling was done on 360 medical students. Data was collected using validated tools -Rome III Criteria- and -Generalized Anxiety Disorder Questionnaire-. Participants with IBS were diagnosed on the criteria having experienced abdominal discomfort at least 2–3 days-month associated with high level of anxiety. The apparent prevalence of IBS was found to be 28.3%, with a predominance of 87 85.29% females 85.29% over males 14.71%. The psychological symptoms of anxiety were encountered in 57 55.8% participants with IBS, among which males were 15.7% and females 84.2% respectively.

ConclusionStudents who more frequently suffer with mental stress and anxiety are more associated with IBS.

KeywordsIrritable bowel syndrome Anxiety Stress Abdominal discomfort Medical students AbbreviationIBSIrritable Bowel Syndrome.

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Author: Syed Saad Naeem - Efaza Umar Siddiqui - Abdul Nafey Kazi - Akhtar Amin Memon - Sumaiya Tauseeq Khan - Bilal Ahmed

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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