PR-39, a porcine host defence peptide, is prominent in mucosa and lymphatic tissue of the respiratory tract in healthy pigs and pigs infected with actinobacillus pleuropneumoniaeReport as inadecuate




PR-39, a porcine host defence peptide, is prominent in mucosa and lymphatic tissue of the respiratory tract in healthy pigs and pigs infected with actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae - Download this document for free, or read online. Document in PDF available to download.

BMC Research Notes

, 5:539

First Online: 28 September 2012Received: 17 March 2012Accepted: 02 August 2012DOI: 10.1186-1756-0500-5-539

Cite this article as: Hennig-Pauka, I., Koch, R., Hoeltig, D. et al. BMC Res Notes 2012 5: 539. doi:10.1186-1756-0500-5-539

Abstract

BackgroundHost defence peptides are important components of mammalian innate immunity. We have previously shown that PR-39, a cathelicidin host defence peptide, is an important factor in porcine innate immune mechanisms as a first line of defence after infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae. PR-39 interacts with bacterial and mammalian cells and is involved in a variety of processes such as killing of bacteria and promotion of wound repair. In bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of infected pigs PR-39 concentrations are elevated during the chronic but not during the acute stage of infection when polymorphonuclear neutrophils known as the major source of PR-39 are highly increased. Thus it was assumed, that the real impact of PR-39 during infection might not be reflected by its concentration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid.

ResultsUsing immunohistochemistry this study demonstrates the actual distribution of PR-39 in tissue of the upper and lower respiratory tract of healthy pigs, and of pigs during the acute and chronic stage of experimental infection with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae.

During the acute stage of infection PR-39 accumulated adjacent to blood vessels and within bronchi. Immune reactions were mainly localized in the cytoplasm of cells with morphological characteristics of polymorphonuclear neutrophils as well as in extracellular fluids. During the chronic stage of infection pigs lacked clinical signs and lung alterations were characterized by reparation and remodelling processes such as tissue sequestration and fibroblastic pleuritis with a high-grade accumulation of small PR-39-positive cells resembling polymorphonuclear neutrophils. In healthy pigs, PR-39 was homogenously expressed in large single cells within the alveoli resembling alveolar macrophages or type 2 pneumocytes. PR-39 was found in all tissue samples of the upper respiratory tract in healthy and diseased pigs. Within the tracheobronchial lymph nodes, PR-39 dominated in the cytoplasm and nuclei of large cells resembling antigen-presenting cells located in the periphery of secondary follicles.

ConclusionsThese immunohistochemical findings indicate that, in addition to polymorphonuclear neutrophils, other cells are involved in the expression, storage, or uptake of PR-39. The presence of PR-39 in healthy lung tissue showed that this antibacterial peptide might be important for the maintenance of health.

KeywordsSwine Innate immunity Cathelicidin Antibacterial peptide Pleuropneumonia Respiratory tract Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1756-0500-5-539 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Isabel Hennig-Pauka - Rüdiger Koch - Doris Hoeltig - Gerald-F Gerlach - Karl-Heinz Waldmann - Frank Blecha - Carsten Braue

Source: https://link.springer.com/







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