Infection status and risk factors of HIV, HBV, HCV, and syphilis among drug users in Guangdong, China - a cross-sectional studyReport as inadecuate




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BMC Public Health

, 10:657

First Online: 01 November 2010Received: 03 March 2010Accepted: 01 November 2010DOI: 10.1186-1471-2458-10-657

Cite this article as: Wu, J., Huang, J., Xu, D. et al. BMC Public Health 2010 10: 657. doi:10.1186-1471-2458-10-657

Abstract

BackgroundChina has witnessed a remarkable increase in sexually transmitted infections STIs and HIV. The study is to assess the prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis and related risk factors among drug users in mandatory detoxification center Qingyuan, Guangdong, China.

MethodA cross-sectional study on drug use behaviors, sex behaviors, and presence of antibodies to HIV, HCV, Treponema pallidum, and surface antigen of HBV HBsAg was conducted among drug users recruited from 3 detoxification centers in Qingyuan, Guangdong, China. Risk factors for each of four infections were analyzed with logistic regression model.

ResultsA total of 740 subjects were recruited, the median age was 31 years old range 24-38. The seroprevalence rates of HIV, HBsAg, HCV and syphilis were 4.6%, 19.3%, 71.6% and 12.6%, respectively. Risk factors for HIV were intravenous drug use and co-infection with syphilis. Having a regular sexual partner who was a drug user was considered to be a risk factor for HBV. Intravenous drug use was a risk factor for HCV. However, the consistent use of condoms with commercial sex partners was protective for HCV infection. Compared to drug users living in urban area, those living in rural areas were more likely to be infected with syphilis, and there was an association between commercial sex and syphilis.

ConclusionThe prevalence of HIV, HBV, HCV and syphilis were high among drug users in detoxification centers in Qingyuan, thus, risk reduction programs for the drug user population is urgently required.

Jie Wu, Jinying Huang, Duorong Xu contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Jie Wu - Jinying Huang - Duorong Xu - Ciyong Lu - Xueqing Deng - Xiaolan Zhou

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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