Obtaining information about cancer: prevalence and preferences among Japanese adultsReport as inadecuate

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BMC Public Health

, 15:145

Health behavior, health promotion and society


BackgroundProviding information about cancer prevention might increase awareness of prevention and promote preventive behaviours. A better understanding about the prevalence and preferences of obtaining information about cancer might help to identify targeted individuals and design effective strategies for promoting cancer-preventive behaviours. Thus, the present study examined the prevalence and correlates of obtaining information about cancer among Japanese adults, and described preferences including source and content.

MethodsData were analysed for 3,058 Japanese adults mean age 45.0 ± 13.4 years who responded to an Internet-based cross-sectional survey. The data included whether information about cancer had been obtained, sources, preference for content, sociodemographic variables, health status, and cancer histories. Force-entry logistic regression analysis was used.

ResultsOverall, 46.7% of respondents had obtained information about cancer. Gender, age, and education level were statistically significant correlates of doing so. Women were more likely to obtain information OR = 1.97 as were older age groups 40–49: OR = 1.54, 50–59: OR = 2.27, 60–69: OR = 3.83, those with higher education 2 years college or equivalent degree: OR = 1.31, college graduate or higher: OR = 1.48 and those with having cancer histories personal: OR = 3.52, family: OR = 1.57, friends-co-worker: OR = 2.09. The most prevalent source of information about cancer was mass media. Content of prevention is most needed among inconsistent contents with the frequently obtained contents.

ConclusionsLess than half of the respondents information about cancer. The finding suggests that better health communication strategies would be necessary to inform Japanese people about cancer. Understanding which subgroups were less likely to obtain information and preferences of information might be effective in promoting cancer prevention.

KeywordsCancer information Health communication Cancer prevention Japanese Mass media Ai Shibata, Kaori Ishii and Koichiro Oka contributed equally to this work.

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Author: Rina Miyawaki - Ai Shibata - Kaori Ishii - Koichiro Oka

Source: https://link.springer.com/

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