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Journal of Translational Medicine

, 11:107

Neuroscience

Abstract

BackgroundNeurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s are associated with the aggregation of endogenous peptides and proteins that contribute to neuronal dysfunction and loss. The glymphatic system, a brain-wide perivascular pathway along which cerebrospinal fluid CSF and interstitial fluid ISF rapidly exchange, has recently been identified as a key contributor to the clearance of interstitial solutes from the brain, including amyloid β. These findings suggest that measuring changes in glymphatic pathway function may be an important prognostic for evaluating neurodegenerative disease susceptibility or progression. However, no clinically acceptable approach to evaluate glymphatic pathway function in humans has yet been developed.

MethodsTime-sequenced ex vivo fluorescence imaging of coronal rat and mouse brain slices was performed at 30–180 min following intrathecal infusion of CSF tracer Texas Red- dextran-3, MW 3 kD; FITC- dextran-500, MW 500 kD into the cisterna magna or lumbar spine. Tracer influx into different brain regions cortex, white matter, subcortical structures, and hippocampus in rat was quantified to map the movement of CSF tracer following infusion along both routes, and to determine whether glymphatic pathway function could be evaluated after lumbar intrathecal infusion.

ResultsFollowing lumbar intrathecal infusions, small molecular weight TR-d3 entered the brain along perivascular pathways and exchanged broadly with the brain ISF, consistent with the initial characterization of the glymphatic pathway in mice. Large molecular weight FITC-d500 remained confined to the perivascular spaces. Lumbar intrathecal infusions exhibited a reduced and delayed peak parenchymal fluorescence intensity compared to intracisternal infusions.

ConclusionLumbar intrathecal contrast delivery is a clinically useful approach that could be used in conjunction with dynamic contrast enhanced MRI nuclear imaging to assess glymphatic pathway function in humans.

KeywordsIntrathecal infusion Cerebrospinal fluid CSF Perivascular space Neurodegenerative disease Alzheimer’s disease Traumatic brain injury Electronic supplementary materialThe online version of this article doi:10.1186-1479-5876-11-107 contains supplementary material, which is available to authorized users.

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Author: Lijun Yang - Benjamin T Kress - Harris J Weber - Meenakshisundaram Thiyagarajan - Baozhi Wang - Rashid Deane - Helene Ben

Source: https://link.springer.com/



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